Carl Jung believed that dreams were the natural and direct reflection of the individual’s inner mental world. He saw them as a representation, a sort of snapshot of the dreamer’s unconscious state represented in symbolic forms. He stated that dreams had a specific means of expression using metaphors, images, and symbols that were the language of the unconscious mind.
More importantly Jung divided the dreams into two categories. The first being, dreams that contain personal content and secondly dreams that contain collective universal elements. These collective elements are the symbols and images that we as humans have developed throughout time and are meaningful representations of our state of being. Jung called these ancient collective images “archetypes”. The archetypes include the persona, the shadow, the anima, the animus, the great mother, the wise old man, the hero, and the self.
Dreams Revisited - Jung
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